Official website of the New Zealand Farm Forestry Association

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Secretary: Peter & Glenda Berg
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Indigenous Forest Section

IFS Promotes indigenous forestry (including timber production), and to manage these forests in an ecologically sustainable fashion so that they retain their unique characteristics for the benefit of future generations.

Indigena is the quarterly journal of the Indigenous Section of the NZFFA. The journal includes articles relating to all aspects of indigenous forestry such as sustainable management for conservation, biodiversity enhancement and wood production, as well as riparian management, shelter and amenity, establishment of native trees, and the restoration of degraded areas of native vegetation. Members of the Indigenous Forest Section receive Indigena as part of their subscription. To join the section contact Head Office of the NZFFA or join online. Copies of Indigena are also available to non-members at $10 per issue, $40 for four issues, including postage. Contact John Wardle, PO Box 40, Oxford, Canterbury. Make cheques payable to the Indigenous Forest Section NZFFA.

Members can download back issues from the IFS members page.

Indigenous Forest Section membership page »

Information leaflets

  • No. 24 Establishing native hardwood trees for timber
    NZFFA Information leaflet No. 24 (2005). There is in New Zealand a constant demand for high quality wood products made from native species, including hardwoods, principally for joinery, furniture and the…
  • Natives for Timber or Amenity
    (2008) Introduction: Nothing can be more rewarding for a forester than creating and nurturing a native plantation from 10 years on their size, growth rate, form and rapid maturation looks…
  • Growing NZ Beech for timber
    In this page: Site selection for beech How many should I plant Pruning beech Thinning beech Authors: Harriet Palmer and David Bergin, November 2017. New Zealand has five native beech…
  • Growing totara for timber
    In this page: Site selection for Planted totara How many should I plant? Pruning totara Thinning totara Authors: Harriet Palmer and David Bergin November 2017. Totara (Podocarpus totara) is one…



  • Report: Trees for steep slopes - Kauri
    Dean Satchell, July 2018. In this page: Siting Management and silviculture Pests and diseases Timber Kauri (Agathis australis) has long been regarded as the Lord of the Forest, the dominant tree species of the…
  • Report: Trees for steep slopes - Beech, Southern
    Dean Satchell, July 2018. In this page: Management and silviculture Siting Silver beech Black beech and Mountain beech Red beech Hard beech Pests and diseases Timber A number of Southern beech species are indigenous…
  • Report: Trees for steep slopes - Totara
    Dean Satchell, July 2018. In this page: Siting Management and silviculture Pests and diseases Timber Totara is a native conifer and member of the podocarp family, with two species growing into large trees, Podocarpus totara and P.…
  • Report: Trees for steep slopes - Manuka
    Dean Satchell, July 2018. Mānuka is not a plantation forestry species for timber, but there is considerable interest in plantations for producing honey. There has been international acceptance of the medicinal properties of mānuka honey,…
  • Totara and the building code
    Executive Summary Potential markets for farm-totara timber would be significantly improved by complying with New Zealand’s performance-based Building Code. A range of products and applications hold the promise of market…


Kauri calculator


Tree Grower articles

  • Continuous Cover Forestry: A Handbook for the Management of New Zealand Forests by Ian Barton
    This is a timely book. Continuous cover forestry is suited to slower growing high value species. Increasing oil costs threaten export values for pine timber and call for alternatives that…
  • Weeds in indigenous forests
    Melissa Brignall-Theyer, Sarah Richardson and Susan Wiser, New Zealand Tree Grower May 2008. The most challenging weeds for managed indigenous forests are those that can disperse into harvested areas, prevent regeneration…
  • Totara – Northland’s farm forests of the future
    Helen Moodie, Paul Quinlan, David Bergin and Chris Kennedy, New Zealand Tree Grower November 2007. Introducing the vision, activities, objectives and profile of the Northland Totara Working Group. It may be…
  • Continuous cover forestry: Management practice
    This is the second and final part of the article on continuous cover forestry. The first part was published in the November 2005 issue of the Tree Grower. Establishing the…
  • Information sources on native tree species
    David Bergin, New Zealand Tree Grower November 2005. There is a large number of publications and information sources for those wanting to establish native plants, or for those embarking on management…
  • The new look Indigenous Forest Section
    Mike Halliday and John Wardle, New Zealand Tree Grower November 2005. The Indigenous Forest Section of the NZFFA was formed in August 1995, partly in response to the passing of the…
  • Continuous cover forestry - an introduction
    This article covers the basic principles of continuous cover forestry. The second part, due to be published in the February Tree Grower, will deal with establishment, silviculture and harvesting. Continuous…
  • Black beech management
    John Wardle, New Zealand Tree Grower November 2005. Rosalie and I purchased a property near Oxford in the Canterbury foothills in 1973. This property had about 84 hectares of black beech…
  • GIS and indigenous forest management
    A geographical information system (GIS) is a computerised mapping system which can be used for map roduction, operational planning, spatial analysis and record-keeping. The advantages of GIS The use of…


Trees on Farms videos

  • Doug Lane, Paitu, Kaeo, Far North branch
    On this award-winning property plantings are for timber, aesthetics and to create a pleasant working environment. Trees planted on land that was marginal for stock have made stock management much…
  • Peter and Pam Kelly, Dargaville, Mid-North branch
    This 300-hectare exposed dry coastal sand country is used for intensive beef production.40 ha of the worst land is in production forestry; 4-5 ha in shelter and amenity plantings have…
  • Kyle and Madelein Brennan, Reporoa, Taupo branch
    90-hectare rolling dairy farm on pumice country milking 230 friesian cows. Natives and other amenity trees are planted in wet gullies and riparian zones. Steeper sidlings are planted with high-value…
  • Barry Tatham, Piopio, King Country, Waitomo branch
    On this King Country farm, trees enable better stock management and improved cattle and sheep production on unplanted land.Trees also provide habitat for wildlife, improved water quality and secure water…
  • Alec Olsen, Valhalla, Hawkes Bay branch
    Trees play a big part on Alec's 300-hectare drystock rolling hill country property. Alec describes how his plantings bring multiple benefits including erosion control, shade, shelter, water quality, biodiversity, aesthetics…
  • Victor and Christiana McIntyre, Waitui, Taranaki branch
    The McIntyre's Taranaki dairy farm has highly erodible soils. Plantings are on steeper land to control erosion, improve water quality (Clean Stream Accord), for shade and shelter benefits, and for…
  • Clare and Terry Gavin, Murchison, Nelson branch
    Claire and Terry Gavin have a specialty timber farm forestry property near Murchison. Species established include cypresses C ovensii and C macrocarpa; also poplar, and redwoods are grown on stoney…
  • Brent and Caralyn Morrison, Rai Valley, Nelson branch
    Dairy farmers Brent and Caralyn Morrison on their 270 ha dairy farm which includes 50ha forestry and 40 ha native bush. Riparian zones and gullies fenced and planted; species include…
  • Warren Smith, Greymouth, West Coast branch
    Warren Smith and wife Marilyn own two farms - a sheep and beef property which has been in the family for many years, plus a newer dairy block. Warren is…
  • Gary Dennison, Waimate, South Canterbury branch
    This hill block includes radiata pine and Douglas fir planted for investment and native species to enhance a walkway up to the Waimate white horse. Wetlands are also being developed,…
  • Peter Winter, Ashburton branch
    This 220 hectare irrigated Canterbury plains farm is a specialist cropping and finishing property. Two-row, two species shelter plantings have been established with soil conservation a priority; however irrigation has…


Other sources of information

  • Wardle’s Native Trees of New Zealand
    Wardle, J., & Platt, I. p. (2011). Wellington: Bateson Publishing. 
    A comprehensive and accessible guide with over 300 colour photographs. Each tree species is described and illustrated, and the botanical and ecological details are supplemented with information about their uses. Order your copy »
  • Bush Vitality Assessment
    Janssen, H. (2006). Bush Vitality Assessment (revised edition). New Zealand: Helmut Janssen.
    A visual assessment kit for native bush, especially small remnant areas. Also has information on establishing new forest, the use of exotics, and erosion control.
  • Expanding economic viability for sustainably managed indigenous beech forests
    Donnelly, R. H. (2011). Expanding Economic Viability for Sustainably Managed Indigenous Beech Forests. Christchurch: NZ School of Forestry.
    Comprehensive report focusing on markets and the market potential for indigenous beech. SFF project 05/048, co-funded by University of Canterbury, NZFFA, Maori Trustee.
  • Indigenous forestry: Sustainable Management 
    NZ Ministry of Forestry, & NZ Farm Forestry Association. (1998). Indigenous Forestry: Sustainable Management. Wellington, NZ: NZ Ministry of Forestry.
    Handbook, general guide to principles and practice of indigenous forestry; focus on management of existing forest. Covers all aspects (but now being superceded by Tane’s Tree Trust publications).
  • Farming with Native Trees: A guide for farmers from Northland to Waikato.
    NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 5
    Mike Dodd and Helen Ritchie (eds)
    Practical advice plus a range of case studies from the northern North Island but relevant to other areas.
  • Kauri: ecology, establishment, growth and management.
    NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 2 
    David Bergin and Greg Steward 
    Accessible, practical information produced in full colour. Best current information on all aspects of growing and utilising kauri
  • Native forest restoration: A practical guide for landowners
    Porteous, T. (1993). Native Forest Restoration: A practical guide for landowners. Welliington, NZ: Queen ELizabeth the Second National Trust.
    Very useful practical handbook. Mostly covers environmental restoration but much detail on propagation, site preparation, planting and maintenance.
  • Native Trees: Planting and early management for wood production, NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 3
    Bergin, D., & Gea, L. (2005) New Zealand Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 3 (pp. 44). Rotorua: NZ Forest Research Institute.
    Accessible, practical information produced in full colour. Best current information on all aspects of growing and utilising most important native species.
  • New Zealand’s Native Trees
    Dawson, J., & Lucas, R. (2012). New Zealand's Native Trees. New Zealand: Craig Potton Publishing.
    Award-winning book: comprehensive coverage and botanical photos of all NZ’s native species.
  • Plant Materials Handbook for Soil Conservation, Vol. 3: Native Plants
    Hathaway R.L. (1986) Vol 3: Native Plants. Wellington: National Soil and Water Conservation Authority. 
    Using native plants for soil conservation.
  • Pohutukawa: ecology, establishment, growth and management, NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 4
    Bergin, D., & Hosking, G. (2006) Pohutakawa: Ecology, establishment, growth and management. New Zealand Indigenous Tree Bulletin Series No. 4 (pp. 104). Rotorua: NZ Forest Research Institute.
    Accessible, practical information produced in full colour. More on conservation / ecological values than other bulletins in this series but does have details of timber use, growth and forestry potential.
  • Sherry river native plant establishment: ‘Best bet’ guidelines.
    Nick Ledgard and David Henley, 2009. Scion, PO Box 29237, Fendalton, Christchurch
    A practical, well-illustrated 8-page guide designed specifically for inland northern South Island – but basic principles would apply to most sites.
  • Planting and Managing Native Trees: Tane’s Tree Trust Technical Handbook
    2011, Tane’s Tree Trust.
    Comprehensive set of full-colour notes covering various aspects of indigenous forestry. Focus on establishment of new plantations. Regularly updated and added to.
  • The Native Trees of New Zealand 
    Salmon, J. T. (1986). The Native Treees of New Zealand: Reed Methuen.
    Botanical emphasis
  • The New Zealand Beeches: Ecology, utilisation and management
    Wardle, J. (1984). Wellington: NZ Forest Service.
    Slightly out of date on management aspects but excellent for ecology of the beeches.
  • The New Zealand beeches: establishment, growth and management, NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 6
    Smale, S., Bergin, D., & Steward, G. (2012). New Zealand Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 6 (pp. 64). Rotorua: NZ Forest Research Institute. 
    Full colour handbook covering all NZ’s beech species. Incudes management of natural stands and some information on establishing new plantations. Best available information on all aspects of growing and utilising the beech species.
  • Totara: establishment, growth and management NZ Indigenous Tree Bulletin No.1
    Bergin, D. (2003). New Zealand Indigenous Tree Bulletin No. 1 (pp. 40). Rotorua: NZ Forest Research Institute.
    Full colour handbook: practical advice on growing and managing totara in NZ.
  • Totara: Existing uses and market development opportunities for naturally regenerating totara timber
    Quinlan, P., & Northland Totara Working Group. (2011). NZ Landcare Trust. Sustainable Farming Fund. Northland Totara Working Group.
    Comprehensive report with practical information about harvesting, processing and marketing totara. Northland focus but relevant elsewhere. SFF project (L10/145).
  • Alternatives to heart kauri for boat-building: Bending properties of planks of clear and finger-jointed radiata pine and second-growth kauri
    FRI Bulletin No. 27, Parker, J. R. (1983).
  • The Seasoning of New Zealand Beech Species
    Utilisation Development Division Report No. 14, R.K. Bagnall (1971).
  • The Air Drying of Beech in Westland and Nelson
    Utilisation Development Division Report No. 9, NC Clifton (1968).
  • The Utilisation of Hard Beech (a) Sawing Studies at Three West Coast Sawmills
    Utilisation Development Division Report No. 54, JC Vaney, RK Bagnall, DR Page (1976).
  • The Utilisation of Hard Beech (b) Application of a four Stage Seasoning Schedule
    Utilisation Development Division Report No. 55, JC Vaney (1976).
  • The Utilisation of Hard Beech (c) Suitability for Manufactured Products
    Utilisation Development Division Report No. 56, JC Vaney, RK Bagnall, REJ Docking (1976).
  • Riccarton Bush: Putaringamotu
    Brian Molloy (ed) 1995
    Detailed description of managing a bush block, including excellent ecological history of Canterbury.
  • Standards and Guidelines for the Sustainable Management of Indigenous Forests (3rd edition)
    NZ Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF). (2007). (3 ed.). Rotorua: Indigenous Forestry Unit, MAF Policy. 
    The framework for MAF (now MPI) sustainable forest management plans and permits.


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